Poland is part of the EU and has one of the world's best passports.
More than 9 million Americans have Polish ancestry, with a large concentration of them in the Chicago area.
Polish citizenship by ancestry is very open. But not all ethnic Poles could claim Polish citizenship; those whose ancestors left before the independence in 1918 would have had to be able to trace their address in local registries.
Your ancestor could have also lost their Polish citizenship if they became a citizen of another country before 1951. If your ancestors are still alive, they can apply for restoration of citizenship in order for you to apply.
There are roughly 20,000,000 people of Polish ancestry living outside Poland, making the Polish diaspora one of the largest in the world
There are roughly 8.2 MIllion Americans in the US with Polish ancestry.
Polish citizenship and nationality law is set out in the Polish Citizenship Act of 2009, which was published on 14 February 2012, and became law in its entirety on 15 August 2012. To qualify for Polish Nationality by Descent (called Confirmation of Polish Citizenship), an applicant must have a direct Polish ancestor. This can be a parent, grandparent or great grandparent born in Poland. The act indicates the basic principle of acquiring Polish citizenship by birth, i.e. based on the principle of the law of blood (ius sanguinis).
Individuals with parents, grandparents, or great-grandparents born in Poland may be eligible for Polish citizenship. The intriguing aspect is that there are no constraints on the number of generations you can trace back to establish your Polish ancestry, provided you possess Polish records validating that your ancestor held Polish citizenship after 1920.
Poland deploys a principle called Jure Sanguinis when it comes to citizenship. Simply put, this law ensures that anyone with legitimate ancestral ties to Poland can be entitled to Polish citizenship through descent. However, it is crucial to be aware of circumstances that, as determined by the law, might lead to the loss of citizenship along the ancestral journey.
You need to have at least one ancestor who:
To qualify you must confirm that the chain of Polish citizenship has never been severed across generations in order to qualify. The Polish citizenship of your ancestor must have been passed down through the family before it reached you.
None of your ancestors should have lost their Polish citizenship before transferring it to the following generation. Therefore, the Polish Citizenship By Ancestry program just serves to prove that you have been a Polish citizen all along, even if you and your parents were unaware of this.
How would my ancestors have lost their Polish Citizenship?
There are many ways your Polish ancestors could have lost citizenship, for example: If your male ancestor:
…then he would have lost his Polish citizenship. (These dates and ages have to do with compulsory military service in Poland at the time)
Documents Required to Confirm the Possession of Polish Citizenship by Descent are divided into 3 groups:
It’s the least expensive method of getting a second passport.
The ability to pass on your citizenship will also help future generations.
A second passport will expand your options for tax planning.
EU Education Rights
The right to an education in any EU member state .
EU Healthcare Rights
The right to free public health services in every EU member state.
The main benefits of having Polish Citizenship:
After you have your Polish citizenship confirmed and are legally recognized as a Polish citizen, you can apply for the Polish European passport
Confirmation and Registering of your Polish Citizenship
Determine through Polish legislation if you qualify for the confirmation of Polish citizenship by descent.
Collect all relevant ancestral documents, meaning- issued by Polish Authorities in Poland after 1920. The most important issue for the confirmation of Polish citizenship are Polish documents. Pursuant to the POLISH CITIZENSHIP ACT OF 2011, an application not supported by Polish documents will not be even accepted for processing. This new Polish citizenship law almost completely transfers the burden of proof to the applicant.
All foreign documents must be translated into Polish and certified by a Polish Sworn Translator or by a Polish Consulate.
The official 11-page application effective in 2011 should be filed in Polish. Once the application is filed, it must be processed by a Head of Province relevant to the last place of residence in Poland. Direct contact with an inspector who handles the case at the Provincial Office ensures that we are able to closely follow the course of the entire procedure.
To file an application for a Polish European passport after confirming your Polish citizenship, it is necessary to attach the your birth and marriage certificates. In the event that you were born and/or got married outside of Poland, you must submit translated foreign certificates to the Polish Civil Registry Office and obtain Polish vital records. This procedure is called transcription and usually poses no problems or difficulties. It takes 3-4 weeks to process.
Each Polish citizen and permanent resident in Poland has a Polish Resident Identification Number PESEL. This number is required to receive a Polish passport, a Polish ID, or to open a bank account and perform other acts-in-law essential for Polish citizens. PESEL is granted via a consulate when the passport application is filed.
The entire process ends with preparing and filing an application for a Polish European passport and attaching all the aforementioned documents. You must personally submit the passport application to the nearest Polish consulate in your country of residence. To file the application, you must make an appointment via the OFFICIAL WEBSITE. If you fail to do so, the consulate may not accept the application.
Administering an application for a restoration of Polish citizenship including the delivery of the decision on restoration of Polish citizenship*
Administering an application for a confirmation of Polish citizenship including the delivery of the decision
The quality of life in Poland is generally considered to be good. The country has a strong economy, a stable political system, and a high standard of living. Poland is also a beautiful country with a rich history and culture.
Some of the factors that contribute to the high quality of life in Poland:
Poland has a strong economy with a low unemployment rate. The country's GDP has been growing steadily in recent years, and the standard of living has been improving.
Stable political system
Poland has a stable political system with a strong democratic tradition. The country has been a member of the European Union since 2004, and it is committed to upholding the rule of law and human rights.
High standard of living
The standard of living in Poland is high. The country has a well-developed healthcare system, a good education system, and a wide range of cultural and recreational amenities.
Poland is a beautiful country with a rich history and culture. The country has a diverse landscape, including mountains, forests, and beaches. Poland is also home to many historical cities, such as Warsaw, Krakow, and Gdansk.
Unlike the majority of members in the European Union who adopted the Euro, Poland has the Polish zloty. Overall, the cost of living in Poland is very affordable, making it a great option for people looking to live in Europe on a budget.
Overall cost of living
Poland is a relatively affordable country to live in, with a cost of living that is significantly lower than in Western Europe or the United States.
Rent is the single most expensive cost of living in Poland, but it still varies significantly depending on the city. In Warsaw, rent for a one-bedroom apartment can range from 1,500 to 3,000 PLN per month. In smaller cities, rent can be much lower, starting at around 500 PLN per month.
Food is another relatively affordable cost of living in Poland. Eating out can be as cheap as 15 PLN for a meal, and groceries are also very affordable.
Public transportation is also very affordable in Poland. A monthly pass for the city of Warsaw costs around 100 PLN.
Other costs of living in Poland, such as utilities, clothing, and entertainment, are also relatively low.
Is there a Double-Tax Treaty between the US and Poland?
Yes, there is a bilateral tax treaty between Poland and the United States. The treaty was signed on February 13, 2013, and it entered into force on January 1, 2015. The treaty's main purpose is to avoid double taxation of income between the two countries.
What are the potential tax implications of becoming a dual citizen with Poland?
In accordance with citizenship-based taxation, U.S. citizens are taxed on their worldwide income by the U.S.government, and Polish citizens are taxed on their worldwide income by the Polish government under the parameters of residential taxation. This means that U.S. citizens who become dual citizens with Poland can be subject to double taxation on the same income.
To avoid this situation, the U.S. and Poland have a bilateral tax treaty in place that outlines the rules for determining which country has the right to tax certain types of income and provides for tax credits to be claimed in the country of residence. If a U.S. citizen becomes a resident of Poland, they will be taxed as a resident of Poland, however, they may be able to claim a foreign tax credit on their U.S. tax return for any Polish taxes paid on the same income.
Spouses of those who gain Polish citizenship by descent and live outside of Poland typically are ineligible for citizenship. However, a spouse of an EU citizen has many rights that are equivalent to their citizen spouse. Rules are different for non-Poles who live in Poland with their spouse. Naturalization is possible after a period of time but rules are complex.
Generally speaking children and grandchildren are eligible to apply subject to a few limitations. If your children are under the age of 18, they can be automatically included in your application for citizenship. They will need to individually apply for passports. If they are 18 or older and qualify, they will need to apply separately. Your grandchildren can also apply.
All living ancestors in the direct line between you and your Polish ancestor are eligible, including your children,.
Your spouse can get a residency permit to live with you
Your US citizenship is not affected by this in any way.
There is no exact reference to dual citizenship in Polish law. There are no published penalties for possessing dual citizenship. Hence, for practical purposes, dual citizenship is permitted. It is important to note that those who are citizens must use their Polish passport in cases involving Polish authorities. For example, on an international flight, you must use your Polish passport to enter and exit Poland.
Most people whose parents, grandparents or great-grandparents were born in Poland qualify for Polish citizenship through descent. In essence you need to have at least one ancestor who: Was born in Poland (or one of the former territories) and resided there after 1920.
If you have Polish ancestry, you are already technically a Polish citizen and you can apply to have your citizenship verified or by providing your heritage and by satisfying other specific eligibility criteria from the Polish government.
For citizenship by descent, the process can take a year or more. After citizenship confirmation, there are additional steps as new citizens must obtain Polish civil records certificates (birth and marriage if applicable) in order to actually apply for a passport.
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Your ancestor was born in Poland (or one of the former territories) and
resided there after 1920; or
Left Poland before 1920, but your ancestors' residential address can be
found in the Polish, Prussian, Russian or Austro-Hungarian registers; and
Didn't lose their Polish citizenship
until the day of your birth.
Take a free eligibility test today! Your eligibility for ancestry-based citizenship will be determined within 48 hours by the internal genealogy team at Global RCG.
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